Glucose is naturally present in the blood as the main source of energy needed by the cells to complete its physiological functions. Its blood concentration regulates the insulin secretion from the pancreas.
Diabetes results from an imbalance in the metabolic processes of glucose in the blood, insulin imbalance, or cell response, causing high blood sugar concentration.
On the other hand, falling blood sugar is a life-threatening problem due to the high amount of insulin brain cells very quickly.
High blood sugar is controlled by regulating eating and reducing the consumption of sugars and starches or by taking pills and in severe cases by taking insulin needles. If the sugar level is not controlled, the patient is exposed to what is known as sugar coma, which may also be caused by the sharp drop in sugar level in the blood .
Hypoglycemia occurs when cells can not use sugar despite their high concentration in the blood associated with insufficient insulin. Cells replace sugar by consuming fatty substances as a source of energy or heat. This causes the accumulation of acidic substances that reduce the level of sugar in the blood
Hypoglycemia occurs from over-dose of insulin therapy, inadequate intake of food or exposure to severe fatigue and cell loss of energy, which stimulates glucose transfer to cells, decreased blood concentration and insufficient brain supply
Symptoms of low sugar:
- Moisture and dandruff of the skin.
- Accelerating heartbeat.
- Vertigo and headache.
- Fainting.
Diagnosis and treatment:
When a diabetic is exposed to an emergency, such as low or high sugar, it may be difficult to distinguish between the two cases except by the specialists in the ambulance. If the patient does not enter the coma, the ambulance officer may be able to obtain information if he /
- did you eat today
- Did you take the insulin dose today
If the patient has eaten without taking the insulin dose, it is most likely that he is in the coma of high sugar, but if taking the insulin dose without eating, the most likely that it enters the coma of low sugar
It requires the person responsible for the ambulance to take the following remedial measures:
- Give the patient diabetes at full speed by mouth or vein according to his condition in the event of signs of low blood sugar.
- Insulin injections and other treatments and requires rapid transfer to the hospital in case of signs of high blood sugar.
What do we give diabetic patients in case of low sugar?
Since it is often more difficult to determine the type of coma it is better to give sugar to diabetics in the coma, as long as the low sugar for the coma sugar does not change much in the course of things, and if the patient can not take sugar mouth must be placed a small sugar under his tongue Or give him intravenous sugars and at the same time prepare to be taken to hospital as quickly as possible.